Brijuni National Park

BRIJUNI The Brijuni islands, found along the southwestern coast of Istria, were proclaimed a national park in 1983. They cover an area of 2,700 acres, and total fourteen larger and small islands, of which the largest are Veliki and Mali Brijuni.

Brijuni National Park

Brijuni National Park is an oasis of the magnificent harmony between man, animal and plant life. There are almost 700 plant species and about 250 bird species on the islands, whereas the mild Mediterranean climate makes it a pleasant health resort. After leaving Fažana, the line of green islands viewed from the boat, transforms into Veliki Brijun, the largest of the 14 islands.
The traces of dinosaurs, remains of Antiquity and later periods, achievements of modern times are all present in this area, whose development as an exclusive resort starts in 1893 thanks to the “old Austrian”, the industrialist Paul Kupelwieser, owner of the Brijuni Islands. This fashionable seaside resort and one of the leading health resorts started developing and gaining popularity all over Europe and worldwide, but this unfortunately ended with the beginning of World War I.
From then on Brijuni were mostly known for the political activities ofMarshal Josip Broz Tito, the president of former Yugoslavia, who arrived on Brijuni for the first time in 1947. The usual, short introduction to Brijuni is a tour by tourist train that takes visitors through all the different natural beauties; through the safari park, by the Byzantine castrum, Roman residential villa in Verige Bay and many other interesting sights. Right by the harbor, close to hotels "Istra", "Neptun" and "Karmen" is the church of St. German from the 15th century which houses an exhibit of Istrian frescoes and copies of Glagolitic monuments.
Nearby is the natural science exhibit, archaeological museum and exhibition "Tito on Brijuni".

Geographical position

Along the western Istrian coast there are several island groups among which the most interesting, the largest and most indented is the Brijuni island group with its 14 islands and islets covering and area of 7.42km2.
The present day boundaries of the National Park were set in 1999 and comprise the land, the surrounding sea with the seabed and cover an area of 33.9km2. The length of the coastline of all the islands is 46.8 km. The most indented islands are Veliki Brijun (25.9km) and Mali Brijun (8.3km). The shores are mostly low and rocky but easily accessible due to the horizontal stratification of the rocks, and in some bays pebbles and sand can be found.
The National Park of Brijuni includes the following islands: Veliki Brijun, Mali Brijun, St. Mark, Gaz, Okrugljak, Supin, Supinić, Galija, Grunj, Vanga (Krasnica), Pusti (Madona), Vrsar, St. Jerome and Kozada. (Krasnica), Pusti (Madona), Vrsar, Sv.Jerolim i Kozada.Geologically and geo-morphologically Brijuni are the continuation of western Istria, the so-called "Red Istria". Since the depth of the channel of Fažana is just 12m, Brijuni were until some 10,000 years ago an integral part of Istria.
The islands are made of horizontal or slightly inclined layers of limestone from the Cretaceous, on which in places there are layers of carbonated brown or red soil. The stone that belongs to that formation is white in colour, easily breakable, of marble structure and is abundant in clay and flint. Therefore it is very solid and is an excellent building material. Roman builders appreciated the listed qualities of these stones and it was used to build many towns on the Adriatic.
Climatically Brijuni are part of the northern Mediterranean type of climate and have all the qualities of the western Istrian coast with a relatively high value of dampness in the air (76%). The average yearly temperature is 13.9C, the precipitation average is 817mm, while the level of insolation is 2350 hours per year.
The main characteristic of the Brijuni archipelago is the extraordinary biological diversity given thanks to its geographical location, its geological base and geomorphology, its diversity of the habitat and its island isolation.
 The natural biological diversity was enriched by men’s traditional husbandry. Veliki Brijun, as the largest island of the archipelago, which was cultivated into a harmonious landscape of meadows and parks, has along with the rich remnants of architectural heritage also the preserved vegetation types typical for the western Istrian climate. It is important to underline that the sea forms 80% of the protected area of the National Park and has almost all the elements of the marine eco-system of the Adriatic

Historical and cultural heritage

"When on the Istrian island of Brijuni all the yet unexplored and mostly inaccessible monuments from all ages, from the early periods of the pre-Roman Istria until the 16th century, will be discovered and made accessible to research then this beautiful island will be a unique museum rich in architectonic inventory of high artistic and historic importance. To all the cultures, which settled through history on the northern Adriatic coast, will be possible to ascribe at least one monument of architectonic heritage or some other artefact witnessing its presence."
A. Gnirs, 1911.
The archipelago of Brijuni is an extraordinary blend of natural, historical and cultural heritage. The mild climate and the favourable geographical conditions, deep retracted bays and easily defendable elevated fortifications, have secured a continuum in the human activity on the island from a pre-historic age until the present day. On a relatively small archipelago, of an area of around 7km2, have been registered some hundred sites and buildings of archaeological and cultural-historical value and which comprise the period from the first Neolithic settlements, the dugouts in the bay of Soline, until the creation of an elite summer and health resort at the beginning of the last century and the presidential residency visited by statesmen from one third of the world’s countries in its 25 years of existence (1954-1979).
This concise curriculum vitae of the island, which carefully preserves the traces of 5000 years of human history, makes the legend of its creation even more real and when arriving to the island a part of Heaven discloses in front of our eyes in the unique harmony of the island’s flora, fauna and heritage. A unique bland of the green islands sank into the turquoise-blue sea whose bays and hills are laced with the white Istrian rocks.
month I, II, XII
month III, XI
month V, VI, IX
month VII, VIII

The islands abound with Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean vegetation, where tourists can take in the surroundings of untouched nature.
The island has a zoo, pheasant farm and safari park with numerous diverse forms of animal life from throughout the world. Traces of human inhabitation on the island date back to the earlier neolithic period and among the many archaeological sites, the most significant is the pre-historic settlement on Gradina hill.
Remains of a typical summer residence and temple from Roman times in the Verige Gulf, and on the western shore, very valuable ruins dating from the late ancient-Byzantine period and the Byzantine basilica of St. Mary dating from the sixth century are located on the western coast of the island.
Nationl park Brijuni
52214 Brijuni
tel: +385 (0) 52 525 882, 525 883, 521 880
fax: +385 (0) 52 521 124


  1. This site was... how do I say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I've found something that helped me. Appreciate it!

    Feel free to visit my web site ... paläoernährung

  2. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a entertainment account it.
    Glance complex to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we be in contact?

    My web page paläoernährung

  3. When someone writes an article he/she keeps the idea of a user in his/her brain that how a user can be aware of it.
    So that's why this paragraph is great. Thanks!

    my blog post ... wordpress kurs

  4. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your
    site? My blog site is in the very same niche as yours
    and my users would genuinely benefit from some of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this ok with you. Regards!

    Here is my website paleodiät

  5. Hello! This post couldn't be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    Look into my weblog Steinzeit Diät Rezepte
    my page > Steinzeit Diät Rezepte

  6. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit
    more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable
    and everything. However think about if you added
    some great graphics or video clips to give your posts more, "pop"!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and video clips, this
    blog could undeniably be one of the most beneficial in its field.

    Excellent blog!

    my website - amerikanische produkte bestellen

  7. I seldom leave a response, however i did some searching and wound up
    here "Brijuni National Park". And I actually do have 2 questions for
    you if you usually do not mind. Could it be just me or does it look like
    a few of the comments appear as if they are left by brain dead individuals?
    :-P And, if you are posting on other online social sites, I'd like to follow everything fresh you have to post. Would you list of all of all your community sites like your Facebook page, twitter feed, or linkedin profile?

    my web blog - beste riester rente 2011
    my web site: Vermögensberater Mainz

  8. I drop a leave a response whenever I especially enjoy a post on a site
    or I have something to contribute to the discussion. Usually it is
    caused by the fire displayed in the post I looked at.
    And on this article "Brijuni National Park". I was actually excited enough to
    drop a comment :-) I do have a few questions for you if you don't mind. Is it just me or does it seem like some of these remarks look like coming from brain dead individuals? :-P And, if you are writing at additional online sites, I would like to follow anything fresh you have to post. Could you list every one of all your communal sites like your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter feed?

    My web site - lebensmitteln ohne kohlenhydrate

  9. This excellent website certainly has all of the information I needed about this subject
    and didn't know who to ask.

    Here is my page: top unternehmensberatung

  10. Since the admin of this web site is working, no hesitation very soon it
    will be renowned, due to its quality contents.

    Also visit my website; arbeitszimmer abschreibung
    My site - steuerfachwirt ausbildung

  11. When someone writes an article he/she keeps the idea of
    a user in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it.
    So that's why this post is outstdanding. Thanks!

    Here is my web-site ... altersvorsorge anbieter

  12. To ԁo thiѕ you nоdе's trunk and plays soothing and escaping music in the setting. Additionally, they are less likely to of the dead body to receive a torso Tantric Massage should be the legs. In that location are many pillows and bolsters are designed and marketed by professionals. restorative Spouse Yoga should aim for around a cinque bit Tantric Massage every day.

    Also visit my web-site; erotic massage in London

  13. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.
    I hope to give something back and aid others like
    you helped me.

    Check out my web page: jojobaöl als sonnenschutz

  14. I think this is one of the most significant info for
    me. And i am glad reading your article. But should remark
    on some general things, The web site style is perfect, the articles is really great :
    D. Good job, cheers

    Check out my website; sehstärken

  15. Excellent pieces. Keep writing such kind of info on your
    site. Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hello there, You have performed an incredible job.
    I'll definitely digg it and for my part recommend to my friends. I am confident they'll be
    benefited from this web site.

    Here is my webpage mp 3 player sport

  16. I was very pleased to discover this web site. I wanted to thank you
    for your time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely savored every part of it and I have you saved as a favorite to look at new
    information on your web site.

    my blog post :: solarbetriebene teichpumpe

  17. Appreciating the time and energy you put into your website and in
    depth information you provide. It's great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same old rehashed material.
    Great read! I've bookmarked your site and I'm including your RSS feeds to my
    Google account.

    Visit my site - Laubsauger Test **

  18. Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and
    I in finding It really helpful & it helped me out much.
    I am hoping to present something back and aid others such as you helped me.

    My homepage: mp3 player gebraucht

  19. My brother recommended I might like this blog. He was totally
    right. This post truly made my day. You cann't imagine just how much time I had spent for this information!

    Here is my site; denver custom homes

  20. Costume jewelry is not made of genuine precious stones.
    They ought to be ready to pattern 1 for you as extended as you're prepared to obtain a couple of dozen or so.
    Certificates of achievement might be the standard when it comes to
    recognizing professionals for their continued education, but often they wind up hidden away on an
    office wall that few see.

    Here is my webpage :: criminal lawyer vancouver

  21. Hi, i believe that i noticed you visited my weblog so i got here to go
    back the desire?.I'm attempting to to find issues to enhance my
    site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

    Here is my web page

  22. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know
    such detailed about my trouble. You're wonderful!

    Here is my blog post ... juicing for cancer - ,